IDEA 远程一键部署 Spring Boot 到 Docker
发布于 1 个月前 作者 yan 78 次浏览

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  • 一、开发前准备
  • 二、新建项目

Idea是Java开发利器,springboot是Java生态中最流行的微服务框架,docker是时下最火的容器技术,那么它们结合在一起会产生什么化学反应呢?

一、开发前准备

1. Docker的安装可以参考https://docs.docker.com/install/

2. 配置docker远程连接端口

  vi /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service

找到  ExecStart ,在最后面添加  -H tcp://0.0.0.0:2375 ,如下图所示

3. 重启docker

 systemctl daemon-reload
 systemctl start docker

4. 开放端口

firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=2375/tcp --permanent

5. Idea安装插件,重启

6. 连接远程docker

(1) 编辑配置

(2) 填远程docker地址

(3) 连接成功,会列出远程docker容器和镜像

二、新建项目

1. 创建springboot项目

项目结构图

(1) 配置pom文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>docker-demo</groupId>
    <artifactId>com.demo</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.2.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath />
    </parent>

    <properties>
         <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
         <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
         <docker.image.prefix>com.demo</docker.image.prefix>
         <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>
    <build>
        <plugins>
          <plugin>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
          </plugin>
        <plugin>
           <groupId>com.spotify</groupId>
           <artifactId>docker-maven-plugin</artifactId>
           <version>1.0.0</version>
           <configuration>
              <dockerDirectory>src/main/docker</dockerDirectory>
              <resources>
                <resource>
                    <targetPath>/</targetPath>
                    <directory>${project.build.directory}</directory>
                    <include>${project.build.finalName}.jar</include>
                </resource>
              </resources>
           </configuration>
        </plugin>
        <plugin>
            <artifactId>maven-antrun-plugin</artifactId>
            <executions>
                 <execution>
                     <phase>package</phase>
                    <configuration>
                        <tasks>
                            <copy todir="src/main/docker" file="target/${project.artifactId}-${project.version}.${project.packaging}"></copy>
                        </tasks>
                     </configuration>
                    <goals>
                        <goal>run</goal>
                    </goals>
                    </execution>
            </executions>
        </plugin>

       </plugins>
    </build>
<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
        <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>log4j</groupId>
        <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
        <version>1.2.17</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>
</project>

(2) 在src/main目录下创建docker目录,并创建Dockerfile文件

FROM openjdk:8-jdk-alpine
ADD *.jar app.jar
ENTRYPOINT ["java","-Djava.security.egd=file:/dev/./urandom","-jar","/app.jar"]

(3) 在resource目录下创建application.properties文件

logging.config=classpath:logback.xml
logging.path=/home/developer/app/logs/
server.port=8990

(4) 创建DockerApplication文件

[@SpringBootApplication](/user/SpringBootApplication)
public class DockerApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(DockerApplication.class, args);
    }
}

(5) 创建DockerController文件

[@RestController](/user/RestController)
public class DockerController {
    static Log log = LogFactory.getLog(DockerController.class);

    [@RequestMapping](/user/RequestMapping)("/")
    public String index() {
        log.info("Hello Docker!");
        return "Hello Docker!";
    }
}

(6) 增加配置

命令解释        Image tag : 指定镜像名称和 tag ,镜像名称为  docker-demotag1.1        Bind ports : 绑定宿主机端口到容器内部端口。格式为[宿主机端口]:[容器内部端口]        Bind mounts : 将宿主机目录挂到到容器内部目录中。格式为[宿主机目录]:[容器内部目录]。这个springboot项目会将日志打印在容器  /home/developer/app/logs/ 目录下,将宿主机目录挂载到容器内部目录后,那么日志就会持久化容器外部的宿主机目录中。

(7) Maven打包

(8) 运行

先pull基础镜像,然后再打包镜像,并将镜像部署到远程docker运行

这里我们可以看到镜像名称为docker-demo:1.1,docker容器为docker-server

(9) 运行成功

(10) 浏览器访问

(11) 日志查看

自此通过idea 部署springboot项目到docker成功!难以想象,部署一个Javaweb项目竟然如此简单方便!



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